Honble. Additional Secretray ,
H.P.Board of School Education ,
Subject: Regarding errors in the textbooks of HPBSE -9th Class (5 subjects).
Prithee is apropos to your letter number HPBSE(3)TEXTBOOKS/MISCELLANEOUS/PART-1 /2402 DATED: 06-05-2010 refered to me about suggesting the corrections for textbooks of class 9th in title- Naitik Shikasha, Swatantrata Sangram ka itihas and Arthshaastra( Economics),Kshitij(Hindi) and Samkalin Vishwa . Please refer to the Punjab Kesari dated: 26-05-2010, Dainik Bhaskar dated: 26-05-2010 etc. for substitutes. Still, I want to send you the detailed report based on the refrences as below:
(a) Encyclopaedia Britannica Edition Year 2008
(b) Wikipedia –the free encyclopaedia
(c) Official statistics of Department of Agriculture and co-operation, Govt. of India.
(d) Many other reputed websites
Please see the objections raised by me but use internet please on the web links suggested with the
(1)Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ, IPA: [ɡʊɾu ɡobɪn̪d̪ sɪ́ŋɡ]) (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism( Page 38 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year 1660)
The Birth of a Prince
December 22, 1666 A.D. Patna
Gujri labored through the night, the arrival of her firstborn eminent. Thirty four years had passed since her marriage to the Guru. Moonlight shone through the courtyard window illuminating her damp brow. A birthing pang rivaled that of her heart, “Teg Bahadur, my Guru, you are about to be a father.” She gave one last push. Three hours before the dawning of day, in the winter of her forty second year, Gujri became the mother of a prince
original name Gobind Rāi
born 1666, Patna, Bihār, India died Oct. 7, 1708, Nānded, Mahārāshtra
10th and last Sikh Gurū, known chiefly for his creation of the Khālsā, the military brotherhood of the Sikhs.
(2)Mahavira (Sanskrit महावीर and Tamil அருகன்(“Arugan”) lit. “Great Hero”, traditionally 599 – 527 BCE ( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year 598)
(Sanskrit: “Great Hero”) also known as Vardhamana
born c. 599 bce traditional dating, Kshatriyakundagrama, India died 527 traditional dating, Pavapuri
Epithet of Vardhamana, the last of the 24 Tirthankaras (“Ford-makers,” i.e., saviours who promulgated Jainism), and the reformer of the Jain monastic community. According to the traditions of the two main Jain sects, the Shvetambara (“White-robed”) and the Digambara (“Sky-clad,” i.e., naked), Mahavira became a monk and followed an extreme ascetic life, attaining kevala, the stage of omniscience or highest perception. Teaching a doctrine of austerity, Mahavira advocated nonviolence (ahimsa) in all circumstances and the acceptance of … (100 of 885 words)
Mahavir was born in 599 B.C. as a prince in Bihar, India. At the age of 30, he left his family and royal household, gave up his worldly possessions, including clothing and become a monk
(3)Bhagat Singh (Punjabi: ਭਗਤ ਸਿੰਘ بھگت سنگھ, IPA: [pə̀ɡət̪ sɪ́ŋɡ]) (27 September 1907 – 23 March 1931) ( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 28TH September,1907)
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Biography
Born: September 27, 1907
Martyrdom: March 23, 1931
Achievements: Gave a new direction to revolutionary movement in India, formed ‘Naujavan Bharat Sabha’ to spread the message of revolution in Punjab, formed ‘Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha’ along with Chandrasekhar Azad to establish a republic in India, assassinated police official Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, dropped bomb in Central Legislative Assembly along with Batukeshwar Dutt.
(4)The details of Guru Ravidas’ life are controversial. According to some he was born in 1376/7 or else 1399 CE but many scholars offer later dates. Schaller estimates his lifespan as 1450-1520 while the Encyclopædia Britannica contents itself with a floreat of 15th-16th century CE. Partly this is due to traditions that make him, one one hand, like his contemporary Kabir the disciple of Ramananda (he is mentioned as such c.1600 CE in Nabhadas’ Bhaktamal) but also, on the other, the guru of Meera (according to a song attributed to her: “guru miliyaa raidasjee”). However, as Schaller points out, the importance of such claims lies in their establishing the authority of a lineage of gurus (parampara). One may count oneself a disciple of a master without having actually met him.
( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 1388-1588. Who can survive for 200 years?)
(5)Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Caitanya, IAST caitanya mahāprabhu) (Bengali চৈতন্য মহাপ্রভূ) (1486 – 1534), was a Hindu saint and social reformer in eastern India (specifically present-day Bangladesh and states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa of India) in the 16th century[
( Page 55 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year 1485 than 1486)
Chaitanya was born of Vaishnava (devotees of Lord Vishnu) parents, Sachi Mata and Jagannatha Misra in Navadwip, Bengal, India in the year of 1486. His whole life was dedicated to the teachings of Lord Krishna
Aspects of the topic Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are discussed in the following places at Britannica.
(6)Mahatma Jotiba Govindrao Phule (Marathi: जोतीबा गोविंदराव फुले) (April 11, 1827 — November 28, 1890), also known as Mahatma Jotiba Phule was an activist, thinker, social reformer, writer, philosopher, theologist, scholar, editor and revolutionary from Maharashtra, India in the nineteenth century. Jotiba Phule and his wife Savitribai Phule were the pioneer of women’s education in India
( Page 59 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 1889 than 1890)
Born – 11 April 1827
Died – 28 November 1890
Achievements – He was a prominent activist, thinker and social reformer from the Indian state of Maharashtra during the 19th century. During his time, he tried bringing in positive renovations in the spheres of education, agriculture, caste system, social position of women et al.
(7)Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement.
( Page 38 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 25 February,1958)
Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was a Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. He was one of the most prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu-Muslim unity, opposing the partition of India on communal lines
(8)The Mahanadi (lit.: Great River) in EastCentral India. It drains an area of around 132,100 km2 and has a total course of 858 km.. The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Orissa.
( Textbook Samkalin Vishwa it refers it as 760 K.M. than 858 K.M.)
river in central India, rising in the hills of southeastern Madhya Pradesh state. The Mahanadi (“Great River”) follows a total course of 560 miles (900 km) and has an estimated drainage area of 51,000 square miles (132,100 square km). It is one of the most active silt-depositing streams in the Indian subcontinent.
Length 900 km (559 mi)
Basin 132,100 km2 (51,004 sq mi)
(9)The Godavari river arises only 80 kilometres from the Arabian Sea, it flows 1,465 km to empty into the Bay of Bengal.
( Textbook Samkalin Vishwa it refers it as 1500 KM.)
Although its point of origin is just 80 kms away from the Arabian Sea, it journeys 1,465 kms to fall into the Bay of Bengal. Some of its tributaries include Indravati, Manjira, Bindusara and Sarbari. Some important urban centers on its banks include Nasik, Aurangabad, Nagpur, Nizamabad, Rajahmundry, and Balaghat.
(10)Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (November 12, 1896 – July 27, 1987) was an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. Known as the “Birdman of India”, Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct systematic bird surveys across India and his popular bird books helped develop ornithology in India. He was awarded India’s second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan in 1976.
(Textbook Kshitij (hindi) 9th class refers it as 20th June,1987)
(11)Harishankar Parsai (हरिशंकर परसाई) (August 22, 1924 – 1995) was a Hindi writer. He was a noted satirist and humorist of modern Hindi literature and is known for his simple and direct style
(Textbook Kshitij (hindi) 9th class refers it as 1922 than 1924 )
Date of birth 22 August 1924, per Manas Publishing, in Inspector Matateen on The Moon
(12)For objections regarding the errors pointed out by me in the textbook of Economics(9th )
Open the link
http://agricoop.nic.in/statatglance2003.htm then refer to
Land Use Statistics
• Distribution of Agricultural land by Use From 1950-51 to 1998-99
As it is the official data of Govt. of India, you can check the textbook of Economics for errors and correct to the figures of land use area as below:-
1950-51 118.75 million hectare than 120 million hectare
1960-61 133.20 million hectare than 130 million hectare
1990-91 143.00 million hectare than 140 million hectare
1999-2000 141.23 million hectare than 140 million hectare
As for your knowledge , I want to clear that I have scrutinized many books and referred on the errors mentioned above. You may consult scholars too. But please correct them in future. As Britannica and Wikipedia are very authentic and accurate enough to prove my argument, I want to thank HPBSE for consulting me about the matter. HPBSE can take my services as an educationist and expert if they need in future.
Thanking with regards,
Date: 10-05-2010 Yours sincerely,
Vijay Kumar Heer, State President
HIMACHAL SHIKSHAK KRANTI MANCH
Vill.Chakmoh, PO Nain, Tehsil-Barsar,
Distt. Hamirpur(H.P.) 176039