Goal of Education in our country: The basic purpose of education is to create skill , knowledge and awareness. It paves the path to make a person aware of or glorious national heritage , achievement of our human civilization, making our outlook and thoughts scientific, promoting values and patriotism, democracy, secularism, socialism and peace. In Himachal Pradesh, our education system has set many standards and goals of similar type and its teachers are also expected to follow the Education Code and the conduct rules. I am describing them in brief as below:-
1. The Code of Professional Ethics:-
1.1 Teachers and their responsibilities:- The percept and practice is same in the teaching department. The teaching profession requires that the teachers should be clam,patient and communicative in temperament and amiable in disposition.
Teachers should:
(1) Adhere to a responsible pattern of conduct and the manners expected of them by the Community.
(2) Manage their private affairs in a manner consistent with the dignity of the profession .
(3) Strive for continuous professional growth through study and research.
(4) Express free and frank opinion when participating in professional meetings, seminars and conferences.
(5) Maintain active membership of professional organizations and strive to update their knowledge through them.
(6) Perform their duties in the form of teaching , tutorials, practical and seminar work conscientiously and with dedication.
(7) Co-operate and assist in carrying out the functions relating to the educational responsibilities of the schools, the Board of School Education such as assisting in appraising application for admission advising and counseling as well as assisting in the conduct of Board, School Examination including supervision, Invigilation and evaluation etc.
(8) Participate in the extension ,co-curricular and extra- curricular activities including community service.
2. Teachers and students – The Teachers should
(1) Respect the right and dignity of the students in expressing his/her opinion.
(2) Deal justly and impartially with students regardless of their religion,caste,political, economic, social and physical characteristics.
(3) Recognize the differences in aptitude and capabilities among students and strive to meet their individual needs.
(4) Encourage the students to improve their attainments, develop their personalities and at the same time contribute to community welfare.
(5) Inculcate among students a scientific outlook and respect for physical labour and ideals of democracy , patriotism and peace.
(6) Be affectionate to the students and not behave in a vindicative manner towards any of them for any reason.
(7) Pay attention to only the attainment of the students in assessment of merit
(8) Make themselves available to the students even beyond their class hours and help /guide the students without any remuneration or reward.
(9) Aid the students to develop an understanding of our national cultural heritage and national goals
(10) Refrain from inciting students against other students, colleagues or administration.
3. Teachers and colleague:- Teachers should
1. Treat other members of the profession in the same manner as they themselves wished to treat.
2. Speak respectfully to other teachers and render assistance for overall professional betterment.
3. Refrain from lodging unsubstantiated allegations against colleagues to higher authorities .
4. Refrain from allowing considerations of caste , creed, religion, race or sex to influence their professional working.
4.Teachers and authorities:- Teachers should
1. discharge their personal responsibilities according to the existing rules and adhere to procedures and methods consistent with their profession in initiating steps through their own institutional bodies and or professional organizations for change of any such rules detrimental to the professional interest.
2. Refrain from undertaking any other employment and commitment including private tuitions and coaching classes which are likely to interfere with their professional responsibilities.
3. Co-operate in the formulation of the policies of their institution by accepting various offices and discharge the responsibilities which such offices may demand.
4. Co-operate through their organizations in the formulation of policies of the other institutions and accept offices; as necessary.
5. Co-operate with other authorities for the betterment of the institutions keeping in views the overall interest and in conformity with dignity of the profession.
6. Give and expect due notice before a change of position is made.
7. Refrain from availing themselves of leave except on unavoidable grounds and as far as practicable with prior intimation, keeping in view their particular responsibility towards completion of the academic schedule.
5 .Teachers and Non-Teaching Staff- Teachers should
1.treat the non-teaching staff as colleagues and equal partners in a co-operative undertaking ,within every educational institution.
2. help in the functioning of the Joint Staff Councils covering both teachers and non-teaching staff.
6. Teachers and Guardians-
Teachers should try to see through teacher’s bodies and organizations that institutions maintain contact with guardians of their students , send reports of their performance to the guardians whenever necessary and meet the guardians in meetings covered for the purpose of mutual exchange of ideas and for the benefit of the institution.
8.Teacher s and Society:- Teachers should
1. Recognize that education is a public service and strive to keep the public informed of the educational programmes which are being provided.
2. Work to improve education in the community and strengthen the community ’s moral and intellectual life.
3. Perform their duties of citizenship ,participate in Community activities and shoulder responsibilities of public offices.
4. Refrain from taking part in or subscribing to or assisting of in any way ,activities which tend to promote the feeling of hatred or enmity among different communities, religious or linguistic groups but actively work for national integration.
Note:- Regarding tailoring /Knitting /Embroidery and bringing /use of help books. The Govt. has imposed a complete ban on the following activities in the offices/institutions vide letter No. Shiksha –IIGA(10) 1-94 dated 08-11-1994.
1.Bringing of Tailoring/Knitting/Embroidery material and allied work.
2. Use of help /keys to text-books in all its institutions.
3. Use of Radio/Transistor in the offices and institutions is completely prohibited.
4.Teaching staff will not perform any tuition work either before or after the school hour.


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